Sites & cities that bear the name of Imgur-Enlil


Today in : Iraq
First trace of activity : ca. 9th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 7th century B.C.E
Recorded names : Balawat, ܒܝܬ ܠܒܬ‎, beṯ labat

Description : Balawat (Classical Syriac: ܒܝܬ ܠܒܬ‎, beṯ labat) is an archaeological site of the ancient Assyrian city of Imgur-Enlil, and modern village in Nineveh Province (Iraq). It lies 25 kilometres (16 mi) southeast from the city of Mosul and 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) to the south of the modern Assyrian town of Bakhdida. The city of Imgur-Enlil was founded by the Neo-Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II (884-859 BC). It lay 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) up the Derrah river from the Tigris, where the city of Kalhu (Biblical Nimrud/Calah) was situated. Imgur-Enlil lay between the major Assyrian cities of Nineveh and Arrapha (modern Kirkuk) in the southeast along the royal Assyrian road. Ashurnasirpal II had already transferred the capital from Assur to Kalhu, and the foundation of Imgur-Enlil may have been a further step to knit up the Neo-Assyrian empire. Construction at the site continued under Ashurnasirpal II's son Shalmaneser III. The city existed for about two and a half centuries but was, like most Assyrian cities, sacked and destroyed by the Medes, Babylonians and Scythians during the fall of the Assyrian empire 614-605 BC.

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