Sites & cities that bear the name of Óbuda


Today in : Hungary
First trace of activity : ca. 9th century C.E
Last trace of activity : 1873 C.E
Recorded names : Alt-Ofen, Stari Budim

Description : Óbuda was a city in Hungary that was merged with Buda and Pest on 17 November 1873; it now forms part of District III-Óbuda-Békásmegyer of Budapest. The name means Old Buda in Hungarian (in German, Alt-Ofen). The name in Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian for this city is Stari Budim, but the local Croat minority calls it Obuda (the name "Budim" they use for the fortress in Buda). Settlements dating from the Stone Age have been found in Óbuda. The Romans built there Aquincum, the capital of Pannonia province. Hungarians arrived after 900 and it served as an important settlement of major tribal leaders, later kings. The site was the location of royal and ecclesiastic foundations. King Béla IV built a new capital after the 1241-42 catastrophic Mongol invasion in Buda, somewhat south of Óbuda. In the fourteenth century, Óbuda featured a convent of the Poor Clares. The obscured historical remains of Óbuda, together with the role it played in nineteenth-century poetry, has resulted it being subject to various historical disputes. The Jewish Elementary School in Óbuda was victim of the Holocaust. On 13 June 2012, a commemorative plaque commemorating the former teachers and students was affixed to the wall of the building erected on the site of the school (Budapest, District III, Óbuda Street Nr 6). It contains a quote from Isaiah:

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