Sites & cities that bear the name of Achziv


First trace of activity : ca. 18th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : 1948 C.E
Recorded names : Achzib, Ecdippa, Ecdeppa, Ecdippon, Kheziv, Gesiv, الزيب‎, al-Zib, Az-Zeeb, Tel Achziv

Description : Achziv (Arabic: Az-Zeeb) is an ancient site on the Mediterranean coast of northern Israel, between the border with Lebanon and the city of Acre. It is located 13.5 kilometres (8.4 mi) north of Acre on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, within the municipal area of Nahariya. Today it is an Israeli national park. Excavations have unearthed a fortified Canaanite city of the second millennium BCE. The Phoenician town of the first millennium BCE is known both from the Hebrew Bible and Assyrian sources. Phoenician Achzib went through ups and downs during the Persian and Hellenistic periods. In early Roman times the town, known as Acdippa, was a road station. The Bordeaux Pilgrim mentions it in 333-334 CE still as a road station; Jewish sources of the Byzantine period call it Kheziv and Gesiv. There is no information about settlement at the site for the early Muslim period. The Crusaders built a new village with a castle there. During the Mamluk and Ottoman periods a modest village occupied the old tell (archaeological mound). This village was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. The only permanent resident of Achziv is an Israeli Micronationalist who has been welcoming visitors to legally disputed micronation of "Akhzivland", a small stretch of beach where he has lived since 1975.

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