Sites & cities that bear the name of Ai-Khanoum


Today in : Afghanistan
First trace of activity : 280 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : 145 B.C.E
Recorded names : Alexandria on the Oxus, Αλεξάνδρεια η επί του Ώξου, Alexandrie de l’Oxus, اروکرتیه?, Eucratidia?, Aï Khānum, Ay Khanum, Aï Khanoum

Description : Ai-Khanoum (Aï Khānum, also Ay Khanum, lit. “Lady Moon” in Uzbek), possibly the historical Alexandria on the Oxus (Greek: Αλεξάνδρεια η επί του Ώξου), also possibly later named اروکرتیه or Eucratidia) was one of the primary cities of the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom. Previous scholars have argued that Ai Khanoum was founded in the late 4th century BC, following the conquests of Alexander the Great. Recent analysis now strongly suggests that the city was founded c. 280 BC by the Seleucid emperor, Antiochus I Soter. The city is located in Takhar Province, northern Afghanistan, at the confluence of the Panj River and the Kokcha River, both tributaries of the Amu Darya, historically known as the Oxus, and at the doorstep of the Indian subcontinent. Ai-Khanoum was one of the focal points of Hellenism in the East for nearly two centuries until its annihilation by nomadic invaders around 145 BCE about the time of the death of Eucratides I.

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