Sites & cities that bear the name of Athienou


Today in : Cyprus
First trace of activity : ca. 14th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Αθηένου, Αθηαίνου

Description : Athienou (Greek: Αθηένου or Αθηαίνου ]) is a village in Larnaca District, Cyprus. It is one of only four villages located within the United Nations Buffer Zone, the other three being Pyla, Troulloi and Deneia. Today, Athienou has a population of around 5,000 people. Since 1990, it has been home to Davidson College's Athienou Archaeological Project. The town's city hall includes a museum of local history and culture that was established in 2008. According to archeological excavations, the area of ​​Athienos was inhabited at least from the 14th century BC. In the 12th century BC. Achaeans from the city of Sikyona ( Peloponnese ) established a colony in the area. The colony was named Golgoi either by the name of Golgo, leader of the Achaeans, or by the surname of Golgotha Aphrodite , for which there was a sanctuary in the area. Although the Golgotha ​​declined in the following centuries, the settlement was preserved under an unknown name until the Byzantine years . The name Athene appears for the first time in the Chronicle of Leontios Macheiras , a Cypriot chronographer who lived during the Frankish period (1192-1489).

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