Sites & cities that bear the name of Atrax


Today in : Greece
First trace of activity : ca. 5th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Ἄτραξ, Ἄτραγϕϛ, Ἄτρακοϛ, Atracia, Ἀτρακία, Ἆδρακος, Koutsochero, Κουτσόχερο, Atrax

Description : Atrax (Ancient Greek: Ἄτραξ, or Ἄτραγϕϛ or Ἄτρακοϛ) or Atracia (Ἀτρακία) was a Perrhaebian town in ancient Thessaly, described by Livy as situated above the river Peneius, at the distance of about 10 miles (16 km) from Larissa. Strabo says that the Peneius passed by the cities of Tricca, Pelinnaeum and Pharcadon, on its left, on its course to Atrax and Larissa. The town is attested as Ἆδρακος in the nominative in a catalog of theorodokoi of Epidaurus, dating from 363-359 BCE. It was also a polis (city-state) in antiquity. The town was located in the district of Pelasgiotis and its territory was bordered on the north by Phalanna, the northeast by Argura, and to the south by Crannon. In the 5th century BCE, the acropolis and the slope of the hill were enclosed in a polygonal enclosure. In the 4th century BCE the acropolis was rebuilt: a quadrangular tower was built and fortified with a new wall with five towers, one of them with a fortified gate. The eastern part of the wall of the hill was reinforced in the 4th century BCE, And bears similarity to the defensive constructions of Halos. The lower part was enclosed in the 4th century BCE by an opus isodomum wall with four quadrangular towers. It was 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) long and surrounded an area of 64 hectares (160 acres). The main gate was in the northwest, and was accessed by a polygonal stone ramp. During the food crisis of 330-326 BCE Atrax received 10,000 medimnoi of wheat from Cyrene, in Africa. Atrax minted silver and bronze coins at the beginning of the 4th century BCE, With the legends «ΑΤΡΑ», «ΑΤΡΑΓΙΟΝ», and «ΑΤΡΑΓΙΩΝ».

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