Sites & cities that bear the name of Avarga


Today in : Mongolia
First trace of activity : ca. 12th century C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 14th century C.E
Recorded names : Aurag, Аварга

Description : Avraga (Аварга in Khalkha Mongolian) is the steppe where the first nomadic capital of the Mongol Empire was located after Genghis Khan seized the territory from the Jurkin clan. Avraga was located at the confluence of the Kherlen and Tsenker River, in present-day Khentii province, Mongolia. The place was originally called Aurag, meaning source in the Mongolian language. Avraga is located near the place where Genghis Khan's family lived. Oral tradition maintains that Börte and other family members continued to live in Avraga during the Mongol invasion of Khorazm (1218–1223). It was a collection and distribution center for goods from around the empire; but it soon proved too small and the Mongol court established the base of Karakorum. Under Kublai Khan and his successors, it became a shrine for the cult of the Genghis Khan. A 2020 study concluded that Avraga was Genghis Khan's winter base camp, based on radiocarbon chronology.

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