Sites & cities that bear the name of Ayaz-Kala


Today in : Uzbekistan
First trace of activity : ca. 4th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 7th century C.E
Recorded names : Аяз-Кала

Description : Ayaz-Kala is an archaeological site in Northern Uzbekistan. Situated on a hilltop overlooking the Kyzylkum Desert, the site encompasses the ruins of an ancient Khorezm fortress. The site consists of three fortresses which were built from the 4th century BCE to the 7th century CE. The fortresses were part of a series of forts at the edge of the Kyzylkum Desert, which provided defence against raids by nomads and the Saka of the Syr Darya delta. Part of Ayaz Kala was built in the second century by the Kushan Empire. The now-ruined fortress is speculated to have been built as part of a chain of border fortresses guarding the borders of the Kyzylkum Desert. In addition to the eroded remains of defensive works, the remnants of several residential structures have been uncovered at site.

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