Sites & cities that bear the name of Balasagun


Today in : Kyrgyzstan
First trace of activity : ca. 9th century C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 14th century C.E
Recorded names : Gobalik

Description : Balasagun was an ancient Sogdian city in modern-day Kyrgyzstan, located in the Chuy Valley between Bishkek and the Issyk-Kul lake. Balasagun was founded by the Sogdians, a people of Iranian origin and the Sogdian language was still in use in this town until the 11th century. It was the capital of the Kara-Khanid Khanate from the 10th century until it was taken by the Qara Khitai in 1134. It was then captured by the Mongols in 1218. The Mongols called it Gobalik "Pretty City". It should not be confused with Karabalghasun, now Ordu-Baliq in Mongolia, which was the capital of the Uyghur Khaganate. Founded by the Kara-Khanid Khanate in the ninth century, Balasagun soon supplanted Suyab as the main political and economical centre of the Chuy Valley; its prosperity declined after the Mongol conquest. The poet Yūsuf Balasaguni, known for writing the Kutadgu Bilig, is thought to have been born in Balasagun in the 11th century. The city also had a sizable Nestorian Christian population; one graveyard was still in use in the 14th century. Since the 14th century, Balasagun is a village with plenty of ruins 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) southeast of Tokmok.

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