Sites & cities that bear the name of Capua Vetere

Capua Vetere

Today in : Italy
First trace of activity : ca. 9th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : 841 C.E
Recorded names : Vulturnum, Volturnum, Καπύη, Kapys, Capye, Santa Maria Capua Vetere, Capeva, Capoue

Description : In the area several settlements of the Villanovan culture were present in pre-historical times, and these were probably enlarged by the Oscans and Etruscans. In the 4th century BCE Capuae was the largest city in Italy after Rome. The city was damaged by Vandal ravages but later recovered and became the seat of an independent Lombard principate. However, during the struggle of the succession to the Duchy of Benevento, it was destroyed by a band of Saracens in 841 CE. The survivors mostly fled and founded the modern Capua in the site of the ancient River port of Casilinum.

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