Sites & cities that bear the name of Cernavodă


Today in : Bulgaria
First trace of activity : ca. 4,000 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Axiopa, Ἀξιούπολις, Черна вода, Cherna voda, Boğazköy

Description : Cernavodă (historical names: Thracian: Axiopa, Greek: Ἀξιούπολις, Bulgarian: Черна вода, Cherna voda, Turkish: Boğazköy) is a town in Constanța County, Northern Dobruja, Romania with a population of 20,514. The town's name is derived from the Bulgarian černa voda (черна вода in Cyrillic), meaning "black water". This name is regarded by some scholars as a calque of the earlier Thracian name Axíopa, from IE *n.ksei "dark" and upā "water" (cf. Avestan axšaēna "dark" and Lithuanian ùpė "river, creek"). Cernavodă was founded (under the name Axiopolis) by the ancient Greeks in the 4th century BC as a trading post for contacts with local Dacians. The Constanța - Cernavodă railroad was opened in 1860 by the Ottoman administration. Cernavodă was one of the capitals of the short-lived Silistra Nouă County (1878–1879). The town gives its name to the late copper age Cernavodă archaeological culture, ca. 4000—3200 BC.

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