Sites & cities that bear the name of Chandraketugarh


Today in : India
First trace of activity : ca. 3rd century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 13th century C.E
Recorded names : Γάγγης?, Gangaridai?, Gangaridae?, Γανγαρίδαι?

Description : Chandraketugarh is an archaeological site located beside the Bidyadhari river, about 35 kilometres (22 mi) north-east of Kolkata, India, in the district of North 24 parganas, near the township of Berachampa and the Harua Road railhead. Excavation between 1957-68 (conducted by Asutosh Museum of Indian Art) revealed relics of several historical periods, although the chronological classification of the relics remains incomplete. According to some historians, the Chandraketugarh site and surrounding area could be the place known to ancient Greek and Roman writers as having the same name as the river Ganges (Γάγγης) sometimes referred to as 'Gangaridai'. Chandraketu's Fort is included in the List of Monuments of National Importance in West Bengal by the Archaeological Survey of India (serial no. N-WB-1). Chandraketugarh is thought to be a part of the ancient kingdom Gangaridai that was first described by Ptolemy. The history of Chandraketugarh dates back to almost the 3rd century BC, during the pre-Mauryan era. Artefacts suggest that the site was continuously inhabited and flourished through the Shunga-Kushana period, onwards through the Gupta period and finally into the Pala-Sena period. Archaeological studies suggest that Chandraketugarh was an important town and a port city. It had a high encircling wall complete with a rampart and moat. The residents were involved in various crafts and mercantile activities. Although the religious inclinations of the people are unclear, hints of the beginning of some future cults can be seen in the artefacts. Some of the potteries carry inscriptions in Kharoshthi and Brahmi scripts.

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