Sites & cities that bear the name of Ctesiphon


Today in : Iraq
First trace of activity : 128 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 8th century C.E
Recorded names : Κτησιφῶν, Ktēsiphôn, Tisfōn, Tisbōn, tyspwn, Tīsfōn, Tēsifōn, Tisfun , tyspwn, tysfwn, تیسفون, Qṭēspōn, ܩܛܝܣܦܘܢ‎, Ṭaysafūn, طيسفون, Qaṭaysfūn, قطيسفون, Tizbon, Տիզբոն, Kasfia, Casphia, Aktisfon

Description : Ctesiphon ( Greek: Κτησιφῶν; from Parthian or Middle Persian: tyspwn or tysfwn) was an ancient city, located on the eastern bank of the Tigris, and about 35 kilometres (22 mi) southeast of present-day Baghdad. Ctesiphon served as a royal capital of the Persian Empire in the Parthian and Sasanian eras for over eight hundred years. Ctesiphon remained the capital of the Sasanian Empire until the Muslim conquest of Persia in 651 AD. Ctesiphon developed into a rich commercial metropolis, merging with the surrounding cities along both shores of the river, including the Hellenistic city of Seleucia. Ctesiphon and its environs were therefore sometimes referred to as "The Cities" (Aramaic: Mahuza, Arabic: المدائن‎, al-Mada'in). In the late sixth and early seventh century, it was one of the largest cities in the world.During the Roman–Parthian Wars, Ctesiphon fell three times to the Romans, and later fell twice during Sasanian rule. It was also the site of the Battle of Ctesiphon in 363 AD. After the Muslim invasion the city fell into decay and was depopulated by the end of the eighth century, its place as a political and economic center taken by the Abbasid capital at Baghdad. The most conspicuous structure remaining today is the Taq Kasra, sometimes called the Archway of Ctesiphon.

See on map »