Sites & cities that bear the name of Cyzicus


Today in : Turkey
First trace of activity : 756 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 11th century C.E
Recorded names : Κύζικος , Kyzikos, آیدینجق‎, Aydıncıḳ, Cyzique

Description : The city was said to have been founded by Pelasgians from Thessaly, according to tradition at the coming of the Argonauts; later it received many colonies from Miletus, allegedly in 756 BC, but its importance began near the end of the Peloponnesian War when the conflict centered on the sea routes connecting Greece to the Black Sea. At this time, the cities of Athens and Miletus diminished in importance while Cyzicus began to prosper. Commander of the Athenian fleet Alcibiades defeated the Spartan fleet at a major naval engagement near Cyzicus known as the Battle of Cyzicus in 410 BC. Famed ancient philosopher Eudoxus of Cnidus established a school at Cyzicus and went with his pupils to Athens, visiting Plato. Later he returned to Cyzicus and died in 355 B.C. The era of Olympiads in Cyzicus was reckoned from 135 or 139.

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