Sites & cities that bear the name of Dadiwan


Today in : China
First trace of activity : ca. 5,800 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 30th century B.C.E

Description : The Dadiwan type site in Qin'an County, Gansu sits atop a fan toe produced by a gully that drains into the Qingshui River valley, itself a tributary of the Wei River. The site was originally excavated from 1975 to 1984, and again in 2004, 2006, and 2009. The most recent excavations reveal that humans had occupied the location sporadically for at least the last 60,000 years. The Neolithic cultural sequence here begins with the Dadiwan culture (c. 7900โ€“7200 BP), followed by the Yangshao culture (c. 6800โ€“4900 BP) and then the Changshan culture (c. 4900โ€“4800 BP). The agricultural economy intensified and flourished during the early phases of the Yangshao culture. The foundation of a large building, measuring 290 and 420 m2 (3,100 and 4,500 sq ft) when including the outer courtyard, was discovered at Dadiwan. The building, known as F901, is described by Chinese archaeologists as a communal meeting hall. The building was built on an elevated rammed earth foundation, which was then layered with burnt clay.

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