Sites & cities that bear the name of Darabgard


Today in : Iran (Islamic Republic of)
First trace of activity : ca. 6th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : داراب‎, Dārāb, Darábghird, Darábgerd

Description : Darab (Persian: Dārāb‎, also Romanized as Dārāb) — formerly Darábghird, or Darábgerd — is a city and capital of Darab County, Fars Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 54,513, in 13,279 families.Around Darab are many villages such as Bargan, Tizab, Nasravan, Barab. Darab city one of the oldest cities in Iran, and is mentioned in the Persian epic Shahname by Ferdowsi. Legend ascribes the foundation of the city to Darius I, hence its earlier name Daráb-gerd (Darius-town). In the neighborhood there are various remains, including the Kalah i Daráb (citadel of Darius), which consists of a series of earthworks arranged in a circle around an isolated rock. Another monument in the vicinity is a giant bas-relief, carved on the vertical face of a rock, representing the victory of the Sasanian king Shapur I over the Roman emperor Valerian in 260 A.D. According to Hamza al-Isfahani, the city was triangular in design, and the circular defensive wall, which has been uncovered, was built in the 8th century by a governor of Fars under Hajjaj ibn Yusuf. The circle is irregular, and about 1,900 m in diameter. During most of the Middle Ages, the city remained the capital of a large district. The city's products included textiles, jasmine oil, various mineral salts, and mumiya, a mineral exudate.

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