Sites & cities that bear the name of Dardanus


Today in : Turkey
First trace of activity : ca. 7th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 10th century C.E
Recorded names : Δάρδανος, Dardanos, Dardania, Dardanium

Description : Dardanus (Greek: Δάρδανος, Dardanos) was an ancient city in the Troad. It was sometimes called Dardania, a term used also for the district around it. Pliny the Elder called it Dardanium. At the time of the geographer Strabo, the city of Dardanus stood one mile south of the headland of Dardanis, the point at which the Hellespont, which today is called "the Dardanelles" after the city, begins to narrow. Abydos lay about 70 stadia (13–14 kilometres) to the north and Rhoeteum about the same distance to the south. The acropolis has been identified with the top of Şehitlik Batarya. The town that Strabo knew was a colony of Aeolians and was distinct from the by then vanished Dardanus or Dardania presented in the Iliad as situated at the foot of Mount Ida and reputed to be named after Dardanus, who founded it earlier than the founding of Ilium. The historical city was one of those that the Achaemenid Empire reduced in 497 BC in the course of its suppression of the Ionian Revolt. Nearly two centuries later, the taking by surprise of Spartan ships on that coast led to the Athenian victory of the Battle of Abydos in 411 BC. Dardanus was also the place where in 85 BC Sulla and Mithridates VI of Pontus met and agreed on the Treaty of Dardanos.

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