Sites & cities that bear the name of Eragiza


Today in : Syrian Arab Republic
First trace of activity : ca. 30th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 8th century C.E
Recorded names : Tell el-Hajj, Eraciza, Arazik, Araziqi ou Arzigana

Description : Tell el-Hajj is the name of a settlement hill ( Tell ) in northern Syria , which contains the remains of the ancient city of Eragiza. The settlement west of the Euphrates was built as early as the Uruk period , with the base of the hill being filled with ceramic in several places. The settlement was probably established between the 3rd and the early 2nd millennium BC. Abandoned BC. Fortification took place in the 2nd millennium BC. BC, then again in Hellenistic times. The city may have been temporarily conquered as early as the Ubaid period . It was developed into a fort in Roman times, probably before 88 AD. About 40 coins discovered there - so far the largest coin find from Roman systems in Syria of this time - could be assigned to the 1st and 2nd centuries. Inscriptions also mention two cohorts , namely the Cohors Secunda Pia Fidelis and the Cohors Prima Milliaria Thracum , which are documented in Syria in the years 88 to 124. The fort is the only Roman fort in early imperial Syria that has not only been excavated, but is also easily accessible through published excavation reports. The site was excavated as part of an emergency excavation under the direction of the Swiss archaeologist Rolf Stucky from 1971 to 1972. The excavation had become necessary further downstream due to the construction of the Tabqa dam .

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