Sites & cities that bear the name of Erlitou


Today in : China
First trace of activity : 1,750 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : 1,530 B.C.E
Recorded names : Zhenxun, 斟鄩, 二里頭, Gongyi

Description : The Erlitou culture was an early Bronze Age urban society and archaeological culture that existed in the Yellow River valley from approximately 1900 to 1500 BC. A 2007 study of radiocarbon dating proposed a narrower date range of 1750 to 1530 BC. The culture was named after the site discovered at Erlitou in Yanshi, Henan. The culture was widely spread throughout Henan and Shanxi and later appeared in Shaanxi and Hubei. Chinese archaeologists generally identify the Erlitou culture as the site of the Xia dynasty, but there is no firm evidence, such as writing, to substantiate such a linkage. Zhenxun (Chinese: 斟鄩; pinyin: Zhēnxún) was the last capital for the pre historical Chinese Xia dynasty. There is a consensus among many Chinese scholars that the Erlitou site about 20 km east of central Luoyang is identified as Zhenxun.

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