Sites & cities that bear the name of Gözlükule


Today in : Turkey
First trace of activity : ca. 7,000 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 1st century C.E

Description : Gözlükule is a tumulus within the borders of Tarsus city, Mersin Province, Turkey. It is now a park with an altitude of 22 metres (72 ft) with respect to surrounding area. Initially settled in the Neolithic Period, Gözlükule became an important settlement and a port during the 2nd millennium BC. It was located at the intersection of the main road systems, one following the Mediterranean sea side, the other following valleys through Toros Mountains to Anatolian plateau (so called Cilician Gates). Eventually the city of Tarsus was established just north of Gözlükule. But Gözlükule was still active as the port of Cilicia. In 41 BC Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony entered Tarsus using the port of Gözlükule. In later years, the coastline moved to south because of the sediment carried by the Berdan River and Gözlükule lost its importance as a port.

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