Sites & cities that bear the name of Garama


Today in : Libya
First trace of activity : ca. 6th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 19th century C.E
Recorded names : Garame, Γαράμη, Germa, Djerma, جرمة‎

Description : Germa (Arabic: جرمة‎), known in ancient times as Garama, is an archaeological site in Libya. It was the capital of the Garamantian Kingdom. The Garamantes were a Berber people living in the Fezzan in the northeastern Sahara Desert. Garamantian power climaxed during the second and the third centuries AD, often in conflict with the Roman Empire to the north. Garama had a population of some four thousand and another six thousand living in villages within a 5 km radius. The Garamantes often conducted raids across Rome's African frontier, the Limes Tripolitanus, and retreated back to the safety of the desert. In 203 the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus launched a campaign deep into the Sahara, capturing Garama, but he abandoned it soon after.The city was conquered by Uqba ibn Nafi in 49 A.H. (c. 669).Archaeological work at Germa has most recently been conducted by Prof. David Mattingly's Fazzan Project, which has continued the work of Charles Daniels and Mohammed Ayoub. The Fazzan Project is about to publish the second of four planned volumes based on its work.

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