Sites & cities that bear the name of Gyōda


Today in : Japan
First trace of activity : ca. 8th century C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Saitama, 行田市, Gyōda-shi

Description : Gyōda (行田市, Gyōda-shi) is a city located in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 November 2020, the city had an estimated population of 80,236 in 40,482 households and a population density of 1200 persons per km². The total area of the city is 67.49 square kilometres (26.06 sq mi). Gyōda contains many Kofun period burial mounds and has been inhabited since prehistoric times. “Saitama” is a local place name within Gyōda, and is recorded in Nara period documents. During the Sengoku period, Oshi Castle famously withstood a siege by Ishida Mitsunari in 1590. During the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate, the castle was the center of Oshi Domain, ruled by a branch of the Matsudaira clan until 1871, during which time the castle town prospered from its location on the Nakasendō highway. The town of Gyōda was created within Kitasaitama District, Saitama with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. On April 1, 1937, Gyōda annexed the neighboring villages of Nagano, Hoshikawa and Mochida. It was elevated to city status on April 23, 1949. From 1954–1955, the city expanded by annexing the neighboring villages of Araki, Suka, Kitakawahara, Saitama, Hoshimiya, and Ōi. On January 1, 2006, the village of Minamikawara (from Kitasaitama District) was merged into Gyōda.

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