Sites & cities that bear the name of Hacilar-Ilıpınar


Today in : Turkey
First trace of activity : ca. 6,000 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 6th century C.E
Recorded names : Hacilartepe, Ilıpınar Höyük

Description : Ilıpınar means "lukewarm spring" and is the name of a settlement hill in the area of İznik Gölü . It is a hill 5 to 7 m high and around 200 m in diameter. The place had been inhabited since the late Neolithic period and was used until the early Middle Ages . It was excavated under the direction of Jacob Roddenberg from the Netherlands Institute in Istanbul. The place was founded near a spring and initially consisted of a dozen rectangular houses with a floor area of ​​30 m² and no internal structure. Over time, the place grew, creating a complex network of streets between the houses. The houses were supported by posts about 10 cm thick, and the walls were made of wickerwork . In between there were houses with adobe masonry , which, however, became more and more rare over time. Some houses had a wooden structure to protect them from moisture. While there were stoves and storage containers as well as grinding stones in the houses , stoves were always placed outside the building. In the later settlement phases, the clay wickerwork of the houses was replaced by clay brick walls. These buildings had an average of 16 m² floor space, but had a second floor. In the south and north-west of the hill, such buildings were arranged around an open space. Geochemical studies showed that cattle were kept there at least for a time. At the end of this phase, a short hiatus followed and then a settlement with sunken, seasonally used buildings.

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