Sites & cities that bear the name of Hyrcania


Today in : Palestine, State of
First trace of activity : ca. 2nd century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 14th century C.E
Recorded names : Ὑρκανία, Kastellion, Khirbet el-Mird

Description : Hyrcania (Ancient Greek: Ὑρκανία; Arabic: Khirbet el-Mird) was an ancient fortress in the Judean Desert. The site was rebuilt during the Byzantine period as a monastery called Kastellion. The site is located on an isolated hill about 200 m above the Hyrcania valley, on its western edge. It is about 5 km west of Qumran, and 16 km east of Jerusalem. The site has not yet been thoroughly excavated. Current knowledge about the ruins of the site is based on a limited number of test pits.

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