Sites & cities that bear the name of Kastri


Today in : Greece
First trace of activity : ca. 28th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 23rd century B.C.E
Recorded names : Καστρί Σύρου

Description : The Kastri is a prehistoric settlement on the northeast side of the island of Syros , which dates to the late Cycladic period II (2800-2300 BC). It is estimated that it has an area of ​​3.5 to 5 acres . It is located at the top of a steep hill near the sea. Remains of buildings and a cemetery with more than 600 graves were excavated in the settlement . This settlement is probably the place where Syros first settled. South of Kastri and about 45 minutes walk, is the small settlement of Halandriani , where a prehistoric citadel has been excavated . These two areas are connected by an inaccessible path. Excavations In 1898 , Christos Tsountas studying the archeological site, found that from 2800 BC. the settlements begin to be built preferably at a distance from the shores, on hill slopes, for protection from floods , wind and especially from pirates . The houses in Kastri were separated by narrow corridors to save space, while the whole settlement was surrounded not only by a wall but also by a strong wall. The houses were simple and consisted of one or two rooms with lined or curved stone walls about half a meter thick, which gave the houses a D-shape. The roof was covered with wood, branches or reeds and the floor was paved with soil or small slabs. . The settlement is protected by a fortified enclosure, about 2 meters thick. A metalworking workshop was also located in the settlement, where silver, lead and bronze objects used to make tools and weapons were found.

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