Sites & cities that bear the name of Kephala


Today in : Greece
First trace of activity : ca. 3,300 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 3,200 B.C.E
Recorded names : Κεφάλα

Description : Kephala ( Greek Κεφάλα ( f. Sg. )) Is the site of a settlement and a burial ground from the end of the Neolithic on the Greek island of Kea in the Cyclades archipelago . In the north-west of the island, facing the Attic mainland, several burial grounds were discovered. Traces of settlement can only be found at Kephala. The site was excavated between 1964 and 1973 by a team from the University of Cincinnati . The settlement only existed for about 100 years and was estimated using the radiocarbon method to about 3300 to 3200 BC. Dated. It is therefore already in the transition to the Bronze Age , with which the Cycladic culture is associated in the southern Aegean . Only a few foundation walls have survived from the village, the buildings consisted of one or more rectangular rooms of small size and the whole settlement will never have consisted of significantly more than 50 people. All structures were made of the island's limestone. The adjoining cemetery consisted of 40 graves, 35 of which were surrounded by low stone walls. The other five contained children's bodies and were simpler. Several bodies lay in some of the graves, up to 13 were found in one burial chamber. These are interpreted as family graves. Grave goods were rare and consisted of a simple vessel; only one (male) corpse received a flint scraper as a grave object.

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