Sites & cities that bear the name of Kotosh


Today in : Peru
First trace of activity : ca. 19th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 4th century B.C.E

Description : Kotosh is an archaeological site near the town of Huánuco, Peru, consisting of a series of buildings comprising six periods of continuous occupation. Three cultural phases which preceded the Chavin culture were identified at Kotosh, Kotosh Period The Kotosh Period culture stratum was situated directly beneath the Chavin culture stratum. At this stage, maize cultivation has appeared. Some Kotosh elements show links with the Chavin culture. For example; stirrup spouts, plain rocker stampings, and curvilinear ceramic designs. There are also similarities in black paint on red ceramics. Kotosh Black Polished Incised pottery is similar to Classical Chavin pottery. Wairajirca Period This is when the first pottery appeared. Wayrajirca pottery was originally found at its type site Wayrajirca, and it is also known from elsewhere in the northern highlands. It is characterized by the polished brown and black styles decorated with incisions and post-firing paint. The designs are simple and geometric; anthropomorphic figures be added at later periods. The Kotosh Period strongly maintained the traditions of the preceding Wairajirca Period, including the ceramic tradition. Mito period Terracota "Crossed arms" from Kotosh, 1800 BC This was the earliest identified cultural period, which was preceramic. During this period, The Temple of the Crossed Hands was first built. The image of crossed arms is characteristic for the Kotosh temple iconography. Some Lauricocha culture stone tools were found in this period.

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