Sites & cities that bear the name of Latakia


Today in : Syrian Arab Republic
First trace of activity : ca. 20th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Ramitha, Ῥάμιθα, Leukê Aktê, Λευκὴ ἀκτή, Laodikeia on the Coast, Λαοδίκεια ἡ Πάραλος, Laodicea ad Mare, اللاذقية, al-Lādhiqīyah, Lazkiye, Lattakia, Lattaquié, Ras Ziyarah , La Liche, La Liche, al-Ladhiqiyyah, , Laodikeia

Description : Latakia (Arabic: الْلَاذِقِيَّة‎ al-Lādhiqīyah; Syrian pronunciation: [el.laːdˈʔɪjje, -laːðˈqɪjja]) is the principal port city of Syria, as well as the capital of the Latakia Governorate. Historically, it has also been known as Laodicea in Syria or Laodicea ad Mare. In addition to serving as a port, the city is a manufacturing center for surrounding agricultural towns and villages. According to the 2004 official census, the population of the city is 383,786, Its population greatly increased as a result of the ongoing Syrian Civil War due to the influx of refugees from rebel and terrorist held areas. It is the 4th-largest city in Syria after Aleppo, Damascus and Homs, and it borders Tartus to the south, Hama to the east, and Idlib to the north while Cape Apostolos Andreas, the most north-eastern tip of Cyprus is about 68 miles (109 km) away.Although the site has been inhabited since the 2nd millennium BC, the city was founded in the 4th century BC under the rule of the Seleucid empire. Latakia was subsequently ruled by the Romans, then the Ummayads and Abbasids in the 8th–10th centuries of the Christian era. Under their rule, the Byzantines frequently attacked the city, periodically recapturing it before losing it again to the Arabs, particularly the Fatimids. Afterward, Latakia was ruled successively by the Seljuk Turks, Crusaders, Ayyubids, Mamluks, and the Ottomans. Following World War I, Latakia was assigned to the French mandate of Syria, in which it served as the capital of the autonomous territory of the Alawites. This autonomous territory became the Alawite State in 1922, proclaiming its independence a number of times until reintegrating into Syria in 1944.

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