Sites & cities that bear the name of Levefanum


Today in : Netherlands
First trace of activity : 50 C.E
Last trace of activity : 270 C.E
Recorded names : Haevea-fanum?, Levefano, Rijswijk Castle, Buren-Rijswijk Castle

Description : Levefanum , the Rijswijk Castle (also known as Buren-Rijswijk Castle ), was an auxiliary Roman fort on the Lower Germanic Limes . The former military camp and the associated civilian settlement ( vicus ) were located in the area of ​​Rijswijk, a village in the municipality of Buren in the Dutch province of Gelderland , immediately south of Wijk bij Duurstede , a city in the province of Utrecht. Like the neighboring Mannaricium , Levefanum was also localized by dredging to extract sand. In the flood plain between Wijk bij Duurstede and Rijswijk, numerous finds from a clearly military context came to light, through which, among other things, the foundation of the fort could be dated to the Claudian period , around the year 50 AD. Maybe it is a foundation under Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo in the year 47. In addition to ceramics and construction materials in particular, Militaria were obvious. In addition to brooches and weapons, there were also a few helmets, one of which had graffiti from the former ownerT. Allienus Martial (n) is and Statorius Tertius as well as the centurion Antonius Fronto was provided. The names suggest that these soldiers were Roman citizens , which indicates the possibility of stationing a Cohors civium Romanorum (cohort of Roman citizens) in the early days of the garrison location . For the time between 70 (the end of the Bataveraufstands ) and 83 of a tile with the stamp is based on PRIMACORT the deployment of Cohors I Thracorum equitata (1 teilberittene Kohorter the Thraker postulated). The abandonment of the auxiliary fort is assumed to have occurred around the year 270 and may be related to the foundation of the Gallic Empire . Individual excavator finds lead to the assumption that the fort was already or still used for military purposes in late Roman times . Even a continuity into the early Middle Ages cannot be ruled out, so that Levefanum could have been one of the earliest germ cells of the medieval trading center Dorestad, where the battle between Pippin II and the Frisians took place around 690 .

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