Sites & cities that bear the name of Magdala


Today in : Israel
First trace of activity : ca. 1st century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 6th century C.E
Recorded names : מגדלא נוניה, Magdala Nunayya, Migdal Nunia, Magdala Tza'baya, Migdal Seb'iya, Magdala Taricheae, מגדלא, מגדל, Migdal, المجدل, al-Majdal

Description : Magdala (Aramaic: מגדלא / Magdala, meaning "tower"; Hebrew: מגדל / Migdal; Arabic: المجدل / al-Majdal) was an ancient city on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, 3 miles (4.8 km) north of Tiberias. In the Babylonian Talmud it is known as Magdala Nunayya (Aramaic: מגדלא נוניה, meaning "Tower of the Fishes"), and which some historical geographers think may refer to Tarichaea, literally the place of processing fish. It is believed to be the birthplace of Mary Magdalene. Until the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, a small Arab village, al-Majdal, stood at the site of ancient Magdala, while nowadays the modern Israeli municipality of Migdal extends to the area. Archaeological excavations on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority conducted in 2006 found that the settlement began during the Hellenistic period (between the 2nd and 1st centuries BCE) and ended during the late Roman period (3rd century CE). Later excavations in 2009–2013 brought perhaps the most important discovery in the site: an ancient synagogue, called the "Migdal Synagogue". It is the oldest synagogue found in the Galilee, and one of the only synagogues from that period found in the entire country, as of the time of the excavation. They also found the Magdala stone, which has a seven-branched menorah symbol carved on it. It is the earliest menorah of that period to be discovered outside of Jerusalem.

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