Sites & cities that bear the name of Makthar


First trace of activity : ca. 3rd century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : 1050 C.E
Recorded names : mktrm, 𐤌𐤊𐤕𐤓‬𐤌, mktrʿm, 𐤌𐤊𐤕𐤓𐤏‬𐤌, mktʿrym, 𐤌𐤊𐤕𐤏𐤓‬𐤉𐤌, Mactaris, Colonia Aelia Aurelia Mactaris, Maktar, مكتر‎

Description : Maktar or Makthar (Arabic: مكتر‎), also known by other names during antiquity, is a town and archaeological site in Siliana Governorate, Tunisia.Maktar was founded by the Berber Numidians as a defense post against Carthaginian expansion. At the end of the Third Punic War, it was settled by many Punic refugees after the Romans' destruction of Carthage in 146 BC. Under Roman rule, it obtained the status of a free city under Julius Caesar in 46 BC and became a Roman colony in AD 146. It formed part of the province of Byzacena and was the seat of a Christian bishop. Under the Romans and Byzantines, it reversed its earlier role to serve as a defense post against local Berber attacks. The town survived the Muslim invasions but was destroyed by the Banu Hilal tribe in the 11th century before being reëstablished. The present town had a population of 13,576 in 2014.

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