Sites & cities that bear the name of Marad


Today in : Iraq
First trace of activity : ca. 27th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 6th century B.C.E
Recorded names : Marda, Tell Wannat es-Sadum, Tell as-Sadoum

Description : Marad (Sumerian: Marda, modern Tell Wannat es-Sadum or Tell as-Sadoum, Iraq) was an ancient Sumerian tell (hill city) . Marad was situated on the west bank of the then western branch of the Upper Euphrates River west of Nippur in modern day Iraq and roughly 50 km southeast of Kish, on the Arahtu River. The city's ziggurat E-igi-kalama was dedicated to Ninurta the god of earth and the plow, built by one of Naram-Sin's sons, as well as the tutelary deity Lugalmarada (also Lugal-Amarda). The city fell into the bounds of the Akkadian empire after the conquest of Sargon of Akkad. Marad was established ca. 2700 BC, during the Sumerian Early Dynastic II period.Although Marad is not mentioned in the Sumerian King List and in the earliest city lists, it does appear in the temple hymns of the Early Dynastic period, 42 in all, referring to 35 different cities in the southern alluvium and praising their main gods--in this instance, Lugal –Mar(a)da (some cities had more than one).

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