Sites & cities that bear the name of Mehrgarh


Today in : Pakistan
First trace of activity : ca. 6,600 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 26th century B.C.E
Recorded names : Mehrgaŕh, مهرګړ‎, مہرگڑھ‎, Mehergarh, Mehrgar

Description : Mehrgarh (Balochi: Mehrgaŕh; Pashto: مهرګړ‎; Urdu: مہرگڑھ‎;) is a Neolithic (7000 BCE to c. 2500/2000 BCE) which lies on the Kacchi Plain of Balochistan, Pakistan.Mehrgarh is located near the Bolan Pass, to the west of the Indus River valley and between the present-day Pakistani cities of Quetta, Kalat and Sibi. The site was discovered in 1974 by an archaeological team directed by French archaeologists Jean-François Jarrige and Catherine Jarrige, and was excavated continuously between 1974 and 1986, and again from 1997 to 2000. Archaeological material has been found in six mounds, and about 32,000 artifacts have been collected. The earliest settlement at Mehrgarh—in the northeast corner of the 495-acre (2.00 km2) site—was a small farming village dated between 7000 BCE to 5500 BCE. Mehrgarh is now seen as a precursor to the Indus Valley Civilization, displaying the whole sequence from earliest settlement and the start of agriculture, to the mature Harappan Civilisation.

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