Sites & cities that bear the name of Nekhen


First trace of activity : ca. 4,500 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 1st century C.E
Recorded names : Ἱεράκων πόλις, Hierakonpolis, الكوم الأحمر‎, Al-Kom Al-Aħmar

Description : Nekhen () or Hierakonpolis (; Ancient Greek: Ἱεράκων πόλις Hierakōn polis "Hawk City", Egyptian Arabic: الكوم الأحمر‎, romanized: el-Kōm el-Aḥmar, lit. 'the Red Mound') was the religious and political capital of Upper Egypt at the end of prehistoric Egypt (c. 3200–3100 BC) and probably also during the Early Dynastic Period (c. 3100–2686 BC). Some authors suggest occupation dates that should begin thousands of years earlier. The oldest known tomb with painted decoration on its plaster walls is located in Nekhen and is thought to date to ca. 3500-3200 BC. It shares distinctive imagery with artifacts from the Gerzeh culture.

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