Sites & cities that bear the name of Neyriz


Today in : Iran (Islamic Republic of)
First trace of activity : ca. 10th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Narēcha, Narezzash, Nīrīz, نی‌ریز

Description : Neyriz (Persian: نی‌ریز‎, also Romanized as Neyrīz and Nīrīz) is the capital city of Neyriz County, Fars Province, Iran. Neyriz is mentioned in the Persepolis Administrative Archives of the Achaemenid Empire under the Elamite name Narezzash, which reflects its Old Persian name Narēcha. The city was known for its armorers, which has been connected to the historical evidence of iron mining in the region. However, no direct archaeological evidence of the Achaemenid city has been found. The 10th-century writer al-Muqaddasi described the great mosque of Neyriz as laying on the same street as the town's marketplace. The mosque was dedicated in the year 951. During this period, Neyriz was protected by a formidable castle, and it belonged to the district of Darabjird. The main route connecting Fars with Kerman at the time bypassed Neyriz, instead travelling through the nearby city of Khayrah on the way to Chahak. An alternate route, however, branched off at Khayrah and passed through Neyriz, eventually rejoining the main highway at the town of Bimand, west of Sirjan. Among the notable inhabitants of the city were the 10th-century astronomer-mathematician Abu'l-Abbās Fazl b. Ḥātem Neyrizi and the 13th-century master calligrapher Mirza Ahmad Neyrizi.

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