Sites & cities that bear the name of Nisa


Today in : Turkmenistan
First trace of activity : ca. 3rd century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 1st century B.C.E
Recorded names : , Mithradatkirt, 彃怷, 巹帢, 巹帢庣怷彖, Parthaunisa, Nusa羸

Description : Nisa (Ancient Greek: 彃怷 and 巹帢 and 巹帢庣怷彖) (also Parthaunisa, Turkmen: Nusa羸) was an ancient settlement of the Parthians, located near the Bagyr neighborhood of Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 18 km southwest of the city center. Nisa is described by some as the first seat of the Arsacid Empire. It is traditionally assumed to have been founded by Arsaces I (reigned c. 250 BC211 BC) and was reputedly the royal residence of the Parthian kings, although it has not been established that the fortress at Nisa was either a royal residence or a mausoleum. Nisa was a major trading hub in the Parthian Empire. Nisa was later renamed Mithradatkirt Parthian: ("fortress of Mithradates") by Mithridates I of Parthia (reigned c. 171 BC138 BC). The region was famous for the fast and beautiful horses. Nisa was totally destroyed by an earthquake, which occurred during the 1st decade BC.

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