Sites & cities that bear the name of Nuzi


Today in : Iraq
First trace of activity : ca. 5,000 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : 1,340 B.C.E
Recorded names : Nuzu, Gasur, Yorghan Tepe

Description : Nuzi (or Nuzu; Akkadian Gasur; modern Yorghan Tepe, Iraq) was an ancient Mesopotamian city southwest of the city of Arrapha (Karka modern Kirkuk in modern Al Ta'amim Governorate of Iraq), located near the Tigris river. The site consists of one medium-sized multiperiod tell and two small single period mounds. In the middle second millennium the Hurrians founded the town and called it Nuzi. The history of the site during the intervening period is unclear, though the presence of a few cuneiform tables from Old Assyrian Empire indicates that trade with nearby Assur was taking place. After the fall of the Hurrian kingdom of Mitanni to Ashur-uballit I of the Middle Assyrian Empire, Nuzi fell back into the hands of the Assyrians and went into gradual decline. Note that while Hurrian period is well known because those levels of the site were fully excavated, the earlier history is less firm because of only scant digging. The history of Nuzi is closely interrelated with that of the nearby towns of Eshnunna and Khafajah.

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