Sites & cities that bear the name of Oppidum de Roque de Viou

Oppidum de Roque de Viou

Today in : France
First trace of activity : ca. 7th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 1st century B.C.E

Description : The Oppidum de Roque de Viou is on a hilltop overlooking the valley called the Vaunage, above the village of Nages-et-Solorgues, in Gard, between Nîmes et Sommières, in Occitanie, France. It is in the commune of Saint-Dionizy and is one of six iron-age oppida in the Vaunage; about 200m from the Oppidum de Nages or Oppidum des Castels. It was occupied in three periods between 700 BC and 600 BC and between 350 BC and 300 BC and around 50 BC. It has been listed since 1980 as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture. Three stages of occupation can be detected. The Volques first occupied the Oppidum de Roque de Viou about 700 BC, and left around 600. They reoccupied about 400 BC, then about 280 BC moved into the larger Oppidum des Castel but abandoned it about 50 BC moving into the Gallo-Roman settlement of Nemausis (Nimes). There was further occupation of the Roque de Viou also round 50 BC. The oppidium contained public buildings, roads, houses and shops a fanum(Gaulish temple). Due its proximity to the Oppidum des Castel, non specialists often call both oppida, the Oppidum de Nages.

See on map »