Sites & cities that bear the name of Osuna


Today in : Spain
First trace of activity : ca. 5th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Urso, Colonia Genetiva Urbanorum Urso, Oxona

Description : Osuna is a Spanish municipality in the province of Seville , Andalusia . In 2017 it had 17,735 inhabitants. Its surface area is 592.49 km² and has a density of 29.93 inhabitants / km². Its geographical coordinates are 37º 14 'N, 5º 06' W. It is located at an altitude of 322 meters and 87.4 kilometers from the provincial capital, Seville . The origin of Osuna dates back to about three thousand years ago, when the Turdetans inhabited the city that would later be known as Urso . In the year 44-43 a. C., fulfilling a previous forecast of Julius Caesar , it was refounded by Marco Antonio with veterans of the last civil wars, giving it the status of a colony of Roman citizens and the official name of Colonia Genetiva Iulia , also documented in some inscriptions. Its founding colonial law is preserved, although incomplete, an important bronze inscription on several tablets, known as Lex Ursonensis 3 (although the name "Urso" does not appear on it even once), which is kept in theNational Archaeological Museum of Madrid . A century later, Pliny the Elder cites it as Colonia Genetiva Urbanorum Urso ( NH , III.12). During the period of Muslim domination it was called Oxona, being conquered in 1239 by the Castilian armies of Fernando III of León and Castilla . In 1264 it was handed over to the Order of Calatrava , which created the Commandery of Osuna. Due to its strategic location, it became a crucial point for the defense of the border line with the Nasrid kingdom of Granada . In the 15th century, the Knights of Calatrava ceded the city of Osuna to Pedro Téllez de Girón, whose descendants received the title of Dukes of Osuna during the reign of Felipe II . Osuna knows its moment of greatest splendor in the middle of the 16th century with the figure of Juan Téllez Girón , IV count of Ureña, born in Osuna around 1494. It is a character, halfway between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Throughout thirty he created in the city of Osuna the largest and most dazzling monumental complex of the Sevillian Renaissance, with the construction of thirteen churches and convents, a hospital, the University , the Collegiate Church and the Ducal Sepulcher, which make him the patron most important of its time.

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