Sites & cities that bear the name of Qilakitsoq


Today in : Greenland
First trace of activity : ca. 10th century C.E
Last trace of activity : 1811 C.E
Recorded names : Killekitok

Description : Qilakitsoq is an archaeological site on Nuussuaq Peninsula, on the shore of Uummannaq Fjord in northwestern Greenland. Formally a settlement, it is famous for the discovery of eight mummified bodies in 1972. Four of the mummies are currently on display in the Greenland National Museum. The remains that were found in an icy tomb dated to AD 1475. Four of these bodies were preserved well due to being buried under a rock in cold temperatures. In essence, they were freeze dried. The mummies in the first grave included six women stacked on top of each other with a boy on top and a very-well preserved baby on top of them all. A nearby grave contained three more women piled on top of each other. Both pits were covered in stones, the arrangement of which alerted a pair of brothers who were out hunting in 1972. After turning over a few stones, the brothers found the mummies, re-closed the grave and alerted authorities. However, it took until Jens Rosing, then director of the Greenland National Museum, saw photos of the site in 1977 for their importance to be recognized. He instigated and documented their excavation and study. Along with the mummies in the graves were 78 pieces of clothing made from seal, reindeer and other skins, some of which displayed a sense of fashion. The boy had features which may have been symptoms of Down syndrome, and five of the six adult females bore faint facial tattoos. In 2007, DNA testing showed a relatively close family connection among all the mummies.

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