Sites & cities that bear the name of Serabit el-Khadim

Serabit el-Khadim

Today in : Egypt
First trace of activity : ca. 3,600 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 18th century B.C.E

Description : Serabit el-Khadim is a locality in the southwest Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, where turquoise was mined extensively in antiquity, mainly by the ancient Egyptians. Archaeological excavation, initially by Sir Flinders Petrie, revealed ancient mining camps and a long-lived Temple of Hathor, the Egyptian goddess who was favoured as a protector in desert regions. Thirty incised graffiti in a "Proto-Sinaitic script" shed light on the history of the alphabet.

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