Sites & cities that bear the name of Serres


Today in : Greece
First trace of activity : ca. 19th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Siris, Sirra, Σίρρα, Sirraion polis, Σιρραίων πόλις, Σέρρες, Сяр, syar, Sjar, Serez

Description : Sérres (Greek: Σέρρες, Bulgarian: Сяр), is a city in Macedonia, Greece, capital of the Serres regional unit and second largest city in the region of Central Macedonia, after Thessaloniki. Although the earliest mention of Serres (as Siris) is dating in the 5th century BC (Herodotus), the city was founded long before the Trojan War, probably at the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC. The ancient city was built on a high and steep hill (known as "Koulas") just north of Serres. It held a very strategic position, since it controlled a land road, which following the valley of the river Strymon led from the shores of Strymonian Gulf to the Danubian countries. The most ancient known inhabitants of the area were the Bryges (Phrygians) and Strymonians. Afterwards were the Paeonian tribes of the Siropaiones (since 1100 BC) and Odomantes (from the early 5th century BC until the end of antiquity). These populations mainly engaged in agriculture and cattle-raising especially worshiped the Sun, the deified river Strymon and later the "Thracian horseman". The ancient city of Serraepolis was founded in Cilicia by Siropaiones exiled from Serres.

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