Sites & cities that bear the name of Sukhumi


Today in : Georgia
First trace of activity : ca. 6th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Διοσκουριάς, ცხუმი, Tskhumi, Σεβαστούπολις, Sébastopolis, Iskouriah, Isgaur, Soukhoumi, სოხუმი, აყუ, Aqu, აყუჯიხა, Aqujikha, Сухум, Sukhum, Сухуми, Suhum-Kale, Dioscurias, Sokhumi, Аҟәа, Aqwa, სოხუმი, Суху́м(и), Sukhum(i), Sohumkale

Description : Sukhumi or Sokhumi (Abkhazian: Аҟәа, Aqwa; Georgian: სოხუმი; Russian: Сухум(и), Sukhum(i) [sʊˈxum(ʲɪ)]) is a city on the Black Sea coast. It is the capital of the breakaway Republic of Abkhazia, which has controlled it since the 1992-93 war in Abkhazia, although most of the international community considers it legally part of Georgia. Sukhumi's history can be traced back to the 6th century BC, when it was settled by Greeks, who named it Dioscurias. During this time and the subsequent Roman period, much of the city disappeared under the Black Sea. The city was named Tskhumi when it became part of the Kingdom of Abkhazia. Contested by local princes, it became part of the Ottoman Empire in the 1570s, where it remained until it was conquered by the Russian Empire in 1810. Following a period of conflict during the Russian Civil War, it became part of the Soviet Union, where it was regarded as a holiday resort. As the Soviet Union broke up in the early 1990s, the city suffered significant damage during the Georgian–Abkhazian conflict. The present-day population of 60,000 is only half of the population living there towards the end of Soviet rule.

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