Sites & cities that bear the name of Susa


Today in : Iran (Islamic Republic of)
First trace of activity : 4395 C.E
Last trace of activity : 1218 C.E
Recorded names : 𐏂𐎢𐏁𐎠, Çūšā, 𒈹𒂞𒆠, šušin, Σοῦσα, Suse, شوش, Šuš, שׁוּשָׁן, Šušān, Shushan, Çūšā, ܫܘܫ‎, 𐭮𐭥𐭱𐭩

Description : Susa (Persian: Šuš; Hebrew: שׁוּשָׁן Šušān; Greek: Σοῦσα; Syriac: ܫܘܫ‎ Šuš; Middle Persian: 𐭮𐭥𐭱𐭩 Sūš, 𐭱𐭥𐭮 Šūs; Old Persian: Çūšā) was an ancient city of the Proto-Elamite, Elamite, First Persian Empire, Seleucid, Parthian, and Sasanian empires of Iran, and one of the most important cities of the Ancient Near East. It is located in the lower Zagros Mountains about 250 km (160 mi) east of the Tigris River, between the Karkheh and Dez Rivers. The site now "consists of three gigantic mounds, occupying an area of about one square kilometer, known as the Apadana mound, the Acropolis mound, and the Ville Royale (royal town) mound."The modern Iranian town of Shush is located on the site of ancient Susa. Shush is identified as Shushan, mentioned in the Book of Esther and other Biblical books. In urban history, Susa is one of the oldest-known settlements of the region. Based on C14 dating, the foundation of a settlement there occurred as early as 4395 BCE (a calibrated radio-carbon date). At this stage it was already very large for the time, about 15 hectares. The founding of Susa corresponded with the abandonment of nearby villages. Potts suggests that the settlement may have been founded to try to reestablish the previously destroyed settlement at Chogha Mish. Previously, Chogha Mish was also a very large settlement, and it featured a similar massive platform that was later built at Susa. Another important settlement in the area is Chogha Bonut, that was discovered in 1976.

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