Sites & cities that bear the name of Tell Hamidiya

Tell Hamidiya

Today in : Syrian Arab Republic
First trace of activity : ca. 5,000 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Tall al-Hamidiya, Al-Hamidiyah, الحميدية‎, Taidu?, Taite?, Ta´idu?, Taïde?, Tâdum?, Tell Hamidiya

Description : Tall al-Hamidiya has been settled from the Neolithic (Halaf-period) to modern times. Its most important structures date to the Late Bronze Age. Taidu is known from a variety of texts mainly during the Middle Bronze and Late Bronze Periods. Taidu is already mentioned in Early Bronze Age texts from Ebla (TM. 75. G. 2359), and Tall al-Birak (F 1153, TB 8003). In the Old Babylonian period it plays a marginal role under its king Ibni-Addu (TH3, 169f), even though Zimri-Lim of Mari once stayed there (ARM 7: 104, 117+. ARM 28: 95). In the Mittanian period, Ta´idu evolves to unexpected size: the mound is transformed into a residential terrace and the core of a city with an extent of 245 ha. Later the Central Palace is rebuilt by the victorious Middle Assyrian rulers. It is further used by the early Neo-Assyrian kings, but is destroyed by fire in the reign of Shalmaneser III. In the Hellenistic-Parthian period the mound is resettled on a larger scale. Later periods – Parthian-Sassanid, Umayyad, Abbasid, Ayyubid, Mongol, Postmongol, Late Islamic and French Mandate – show only small settlements and have not been excavated on a larger scale.

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