Sites & cities that bear the name of Tepe Gawra

Tepe Gawra

Today in : Iraq
First trace of activity : ca. 5,000 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 15th century B.C.E
Recorded names : Tappa Gaura

Description : Tepe Gawra (Kurdish for "Great Mound") is an ancient Mesopotamian settlement in the Mosul region of northwest Iraq that was occupied between 5000 and 1500 BC. It contains remains from the Halaf period, the Ubaid period, and the Uruk period (4000โ€“3100 BC). Tepe Gawra contains material relating to the Halaf-Ubaid Transitional period c. 5,500โ€“5,000 BC. Excavations at Tepe Gawri revealed 16 levels showing that the Tepe Gawra site was occupied from approximately 5000 BC to 1500 BC. They include the earliest known temple to be decorated with pilasters and recesses. The Gawra Period (3500โ€“2900 BC) is named for the site. Earliest use of gold According to Daniel Potts, the earliest evidence for gold or electrum use in the Near East comes from Ur and Tepe Gawra; a few small artifacts, such as wire and beads, have been found at these sites. At Tepe Gawra, the use of gold and electrum continued into the Early Dynastic period, starting about 2900 BC. Several objects from levels 12 to 8 (mid-fourth to early-third millennium BC) at Tepe Gawra were made of arsenical copper, which is quite early for Mesopotamia. Similar objects are also found in Fara (Shuruppak), also dating from Jamdat Nasr period.

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