Sites & cities that bear the name of Thonis-Heracleion


First trace of activity : ca. 12th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 8th century C.E
Recorded names : Heracleion, Ἡράκλειον, Thonis, Θῶνις, Thonis-Heracleion

Description : Heracleion (Ancient Greek: Ἡράκλειον), also known by its Egyptian name Thonis (Ancient Egyptian: Tȝ-ḥn.t, Coptic: ⲧϩⲱⲛⲓ, Ancient Greek: Θῶνις) and sometimes called Thonis-Heracleion, was an ancient Egyptian city located near the Canopic Mouth of the Nile, about 32 km northeast of Alexandria. Its ruins are located in Abu Qir Bay, currently 2.5 km off the coast, under 10 m (30 ft) of water. A stele found on the site indicates that it was one single city known by both its Egyptian and Greek names. Its legendary beginnings go back to as early as the 12th century BC, and it is mentioned by ancient Greek historians. Its importance grew particularly during the waning days of the Pharaohs.

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