Sites & cities that bear the name of Ubaid


Today in : Iraq
First trace of activity : ca. 4,500 B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 21st century B.C.E
Recorded names : Tell al-'Ubaid, العبيد‎, tell el-Obeid, Obeid, Obed

Description : Tell al-'Ubaid (Arabic: العبيد‎) is a low, relatively small tell (settlement mound) west of nearby Ur in southern Iraq's Dhi Qar Governorate. The majority of the remains are from the Chalcolithic Ubaid period, for which Tell al-'Ubaid is the type site, with an Early Dynastic temple and cemetery at the highest point. The lower level of the site featured large amounts of Ubaid pottery and associated kilns. Evidence for Ubaid period pottery manufacture has also been observed on the surface of the site. The size of the surface scatter indicates that pottery production was a specialized craft, and this confirms finds from other Ubaid sites like Eridu. The site also yielded a cemetery and some finds from the Jemdet Nasr period. The temple of Ninhursag at the summit was on a cleared oval similar to that at Khafajah. The wall surrounding the temple was built by Shulgi of the Ur III Empire.

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