Sites & cities that bear the name of Umm el-Marra

Umm el-Marra

First trace of activity : ca. 29th century B.C.E
Last trace of activity : ca. 13th century B.C.E
Recorded names : Tuba?

Description : Umm el-Marra, Arabic: أم المرى‎, east of modern Aleppo in the Jabbul Plain of northern Syria, was one of the ancient Near East's oldest cities, located on a crossroads of two trade routes northwest of Ebla, in a landscape that was much more fertile than it is today. Possibly this is the city of Tuba mentioned in Egyptian inscriptions listing cities that were defeated or destroyed in the Pharaoh Thutmose III's north Syrian campaign. The city of Tuba is also mentioned in epigraphic remains from Ebla, Mari, and Alalakh.

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