Sites & cities that bear the name of Varamin


Today in : Iran (Islamic Republic of)
First trace of activity : ca. 4th century C.E
Last trace of activity : today
Recorded names : Varena, Varna, ورامين‎, Verāmin, Véramine, Iraj Castle, قلعه ایرج‎, Qal'eh Iraj

Description : Varamin (Persian: ورامين‎, also Romanized as Varāmīn and Verāmin; anciently known as Varna and Varena) is a city and capital of Varamin County, Tehran Province, Iran. At the 2011 census, its population was 218,991, and at the 2006 census, its population was 208,569, in 53,639 families. Varamin is believed to be the ancient city of Varena, which is mentioned in Avesta : " The fourteenth of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda, created, was the four-cornered Varena, for which was born Thraetaona, who smote Azi Dahaka. " — Vendidad, Avesta The four-cornered citadel near the city is known as Citadel of Iraj by locals, Īraj was son of Thraetaona and that improves the city's relation to the ancient Varena. Varamin has an extensive history. The raiding of Ray, by the invading Mongols and Timurids, generated a flux of migrations to this area. Included amongst the significant antiquities of Varamin are the mausoleum of Imamzadeh Yahya built in the 14th century, and the Jameh Mosque of Varamin, from the era of the Ilkhanid Abu Saeed.

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